When having sinus problems, there are some prescription sinus medication options that you can consider. Most commonly for example, antibiotics are prescribed by doctors to help in resolving sinus problems caused by bacterial infection. Focusing on possible causes of your sinus problems can greatly help in determining which sinus medication is most fitted for you. Let us list down below some of the medications that your doctor may prescribe to you.
Your doctor can prescribe you with the appropriate antibiotic to treat your sinusitis symptoms. As soon as your doctor finds out that it is indeed bacterial infection that is causing your sinus problems, you can be given instructions on how you can take antibiotics. Regardless of the type, these medications have to be taken regularly and for a specified course of time, to ensure that the bacterium has been eliminated. On the average, doctors let their patients take antibiotics for two weeks straight. Usually the pills are teamed up with a nasal spray or another pill, which acts as a decongestant to alleviate the heavy congestion.
Amoxicillin, doxycycline or timethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are preferred antibiotics because of their high success rate and minimal side effects.
An x-ray of the sinuses can help determine whether your sinus infection is fungal. A fungus culture of the nose is another way. Anti-fungal medication is used to treat fungal infection. Some types of fungal sinusitis require surgery to completely eliminate the infection, but even after that, strong anti fungal medications are also included in the post-surgery recommendations. When your fungal sinusitis is coupled with allergy, antihistamines and corticosteroids can be combined with anti fungal medication.
Some allergy problems, such as a mild case of hay fever, may not need any treatment. But for chronic and severe allergic reactions that lead to sinusitis, sinus medication should be seriously considered. Who would want to have a stuffy nose and swollen facial areas throughout the day, right? Constant headaches and toothaches can really take their toll on a person too. Corticosteroids are used to help in alleviating inflammation. Sinus and nasal passages can definitely get relief from swelling with this sinus medication. And when the swelling is reduced, other sinus problems can disappear gradually.
Antihistamines are another set of drugs that target inflammation. They supress some of the chemicals in your body from reacting too much from external factors like allergens and micro particles you inhale. Just like corticosteroids, these can take care of nasal congestion and difficulty in breathing due to swelling. But as with all drugs, you just have to be mindful of their corresponding side effects. For both corticosteroids and antihistamines, the most common side effect is drowsiness.
Method of Administration
Choices of how you can take sinus medication are no longer limited to the traditional options. Of course, oral medication like pills, tablets and gels are very much available for the prescription medications mentioned above. Intravenous drugs are also included in the list of possible medications for your sinus problems, especially for severe and life-threatening ones. Topical sinus medication usually refer to nasal sprays and inhalers. But other types of topical administration include the use of a nebulizer, or aerosolizing device, aside from the usual pills or topical nasal sprays.